Skynet 20m: Education and Science Collaboration
Skynet is a world wide network of astronomical telescopes operated by
the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. The NRAO has developed a
20m radio telescope to provide a radio view of the universe.
The 20m telescope is located at the Green Bank Observatory in West Virginia
and provides observations at
1.3 to 1.8 GHz and 8 to 10 GHz.
Skynet Junior Scholars
Skynet Junior Scholars Forum
| Example Data
| Explanation of data files.
Quick Map Plots
The link gets the latest observation from the 20-meter.
Most Recent Observation: quick look
Receiver Cryogenic Temperatures
The Skynet reciever amplifier is cryogenically cooled to 15 K (-433 Fahrenheit),
in order to obtain the highest sensitivity to the radio sky.
The plot at right shows the current receiver temperatures, from
the real-time logs.
The cryo logs are in /home/fpga/cyborg/skycode/rcvr/log/ ; file names like "yyyy_mm_Dewar_15K"
Receiver power levels
Receiver power is monitored every 2 minutes.
The 8-10 GHz receiver was installed on the 20m on 2012 March 22.
The first L-band receiver with 18 cm feed installed 2013 Aug 5.
1360-1430 (HI) feed installed 2013 Aug 15.
Back to 8-10 GHz receiver for special satellite detection tests, 2014 July 15.
Wide band HI/OH receiver with new wide-band feed (1300-1800 MHz) installed 2014 Aug 12.
Wide band HI/OH receiver removed for repairs and calibration 2015 Sept 14.
8-10GHz receiver installed 2015 Sept 15.
Wide band HI/OH receiver re-installed 2015 Oct 15.
Wide band HI/OH receiver removed for diagnosis and repairs Nov 13, 2015
Wide band HI/OH receiver installed again on the 20-meter, Dec 8, 2015
RFI spikes eliminated, but cryo started rising Jan 19, 2016
Cryo and feed problems fixed Mar 7-8, 2016, but receiver warmed up again.
Mar 8 to April 4, 2016, used for Skynet observations with Tsys ~ 100 K.
April 4, 2016, L-band receiver back in the lab to replace the vacuum window.
April 21, 2016 repaired receiver re-installed -- Tsys now ~ 30K.
2016 Aug 11 Replaced refrigerator.
2016 Nov 17 to Dec 14 - offline to replace leaking oil seal.
2016 Dec 18 to Dec 22 - offline to replace refrigerator and fix brake sensor.
2017 July 20-Aug 4 - receiver warm; trying to fix leaks.
2017 Aug 16 --L-band Receiver removed for repairs.
2017 Aug 18 - X-band receiver installed.
2017 Nov 28 - L-band receiver re-installed after repairs.
There is a document archive :
20-meter documents and memos.
The 20-meter Skynet project documents are kept
NRAO internal WIKI for SkyNet.
Local technical information is on
The GB/Skynet wiki web.
Get in touch
Contact people:Frank Ghigo,20 Meter Scientist, or Sue Ann Heatherly, Education Contact
Revised Apr 2014
Revised Mar 2015
Revised Sep 2015
Revised Feb 2017